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Hospital Sewage Treatment Equipment

Hospital and other medical institutions produce a certain amount of medical wastewater in the process of operation. The water generally contains pathogenic microorganisms, toxic and harmful physical and chemical pollutants. It has the characteristics of space pollution, acute infection and latent infection. Without effective treatment, it will become a way of epidemic spread and seriously pollute the environment.


Based on the protection of the surrounding environment and the requirements of the local environmental protection management department, according to many years of technical reserves and a large number of on-site investigations, our company has developed a new type of medical wastewater treatment equipment for the treatment of hospital medical wastewater, which can solve all kinds of medical wastewater problems one-stop.


  • ★ Equipment features:


    1. Buried below the ground, the ground above the equipment can be used as greening or other land, without building, heating and heat preservation.


    2. Push-flow biological contact oxidation is used in the secondary biological contact oxidation treatment process, and its treatment effect is better than that of the fully mixed or two-stage series biological contact oxidation tank. Compared with activated sludge tank, it has smaller volume, stronger adaptability to water quality, better impact load resistance, stable effluent quality and no sludge bulking. A new type of combined three-dimensional filler is used in the pond, which has large specific surface area, easy to film-forming and defilm by microorganisms. Under the same organic loading conditions, the removal rate of organic matter is high and the energy consumption is low.


    3. Biological contact oxidation method is used in biochemical pond. The volume load of filler is relatively low, microorganisms are in their own oxidation stage, and the sludge yield is low. It only takes three months (90 days) to discharge sludge (suction or dewatering by dung truck to make sludge cake for transportation).


    4. The deodorization method of the buried medical sewage treatment equipment uses conventional high-altitude exhaust gas and soil deodorization measures.


    5. The whole equipment processing system is equipped with automatic electrical control system and equipment failure alarm system. It runs safely and reliably. Normally, it does not need special management, and only needs timely maintenance and maintenance of the equipment.



    Working Principle:


    Because hospital medical wastewater contains more suspended impurities, pathogenic microorganisms and other pollutants, it is necessary to remove these pollutants by physicochemical processes as early as possible. Otherwise, it will affect the operation and management of the whole processing system. Therefore, the scheme plans to set up grilles before sewage enters the biochemical treatment system to remove suspended solids in water.


    Because the CODCR content of sewage is low and the biochemical effect is good, in order to reduce investment, reduce operation cost and enhance the impact load resistance of the system, this scheme adopts the "anaerobic + aerobic" treatment method to treat sewage biochemically.


    Medical wastewater first passes through the grille trough to remove impurities such as suspended solids in the water, so as to prevent the blockage of the follow-up treatment sheet, resulting in water clogging and affecting the operation of the system. The sewage filtered by grille flows into the regulating tank, which serves as a structure for regulating and homogenizing the amount of sewage water. Because the discharge of sewage during the day and night has the characteristics of uneven time interval and large time-varying coefficient. In order to make the follow-up treatment system run in a balanced way and minimize the impact of the impact load of sewage to achieve the desired treatment effect, it is necessary to set up a regulating tank to regulate and homogenize the amount of sewage water, so that the lifting pump of the regulating tank can always supply water to the follow-up treatment system according to the average amount of treated water. Statistics show that the effective volume of the regulating tank is calculated according to the average hourly treatment capacity of 6-10 times. Two sewage lifting pumps are installed at the end of the pool for lifting water to an integrated sewage treatment equipment, one for one. The operation of lifting pump is controlled by liquid level float ball. The pump starts automatically when the water level in the regulating pool is high and stops automatically when the water level is low.


    The effluent from the regulating pond flows into the high efficiency anaerobic pond. The anaerobic hydrolysis acidification biological treatment of wastewater is a treatment method that uses the degradation of anaerobic microorganisms to purify organic substances in wastewater under anaerobic or anoxic conditions. Under anaerobic conditions, the anaerobic bacteria in sewage decompose carbohydrates, proteins, fats and other organic substances into organic acids, and then under the action of methanogens, further ferment to form methane, carbon dioxide and hydrogen, so that the sewage can be purified. After hydrolysis acidification treatment, the macromolecule refractory organic matter in water can be transformed into small molecule degradable organic matter, thus improving the treatment effect of subsequent aerobic treatment unit. Hydrolysis acidification process can greatly shorten the time required for aerobic biochemistry, and the treated water quality is better, which not only saves investment, saves operation costs, but also improves environmental benefits.


    The effluent from anaerobic tank flows into a new contact oxidation unit. Biological filler is a combination filler in fixed bed. Fillers are used as attachment carriers for microorganisms. Biology is evenly distributed on the biological filler, which avoids the phenomenon of uneven distribution of microorganisms. At the same time, the biofilm adheres to the surface of the filler and does not flow with the water. Because the biofilm is directly agitated by the updraft, it is constantly updated, thus improving the purification effect. The high efficiency leachate process has the advantages of short treatment time, small volume, good purification effect, good and stable effluent quality, no reflux, no expansion of sludge, and low power consumption.



    Its main characteristics are:

    (1) High volume load and strong shock resistance;

    (2) It has the advantages of membrane technology and less excess sludge.

    (3) Activated sludge has the advantages of high biological activity and short sludge age, supplemented by mechanical equipment for oxygen supply.

    (4) It can decompose other refractory substances in biological treatment.

    (5) Easy to manage, eliminating sludge floating and bulking and other drawbacks.

    The wastewater treated by contact oxidation unit is treated by sedimentation tank and disinfection tank and discharged up to the standard.



    ★Implementation criteria:


    Discharge Standards of Water Pollutants in Medical Institutions (GB 18466-2005)



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    Photographs of chlorine dioxide generator


  • Technological process


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  • ★Equipment use


    1. It can treat comprehensive wastewater of medical system and similar organic wastewater.


    2. It is made of FRP, stainless steel and carbon steel. It has excellent properties such as corrosion resistance and aging resistance. Its service life is more than 15 years.


    3. The whole set of equipment is simple to construct and easy to operate. All the machinery and equipment are controlled automatically. All the equipment can be set below the surface.